Español | English
 

RESPONSIBILITY AND FORMAL AND INFORMAL EDUCATION


The case of the Degree in Migration, Human Rights and Public Policies in Peru
by Ricardo Jiménez

The Programme of Ethics and Responsibility composes a part of the growing tendency of Humanity which promotes the consciousness of personal Responsibilities as an indispensable principle for the making of a sustainable life in the 21stcentury. A part of its strategic proposals and actions is the incorporation of Responsibility within both the programmes of formal studies and the practices of informal studies – an indispensable step towards the construction of the culture of Responsibility.

Ricardo Jimenez
Translation into English: Peter Larsen and François Soulard

The Programme of Ethics and Responsibility composes a part of the growing tendency of Humanity which promotes the consciousness of personal Responsibilities as an indispensable principle for the making of a sustainable life in the 21stcentury. A part of its strategic proposals and actions is the incorporation of Responsibility within both the programmes of formal studies and the practices of informal studies – an indispensable step towards the construction of the culture of Responsibility.

An experience of this nature was the creation of a Degree in Migration, human Rights and public Policy carried out by the socio-professional Network of Migrations of the Programme together with entities of civil society, academics and with the State, in Peru this year, 2012.

Within the programme of formal studies

The Degree included ten modules on specific themes which dealt with migration in the light of 1) theory, 2) economy, 3) international relations, 4) human rights, 5) international crime, 6) gender , 7) culture, 8) public policy, Peruvian emigration and 10) immigration within Peru.

These were structured in three major categories: theoretical (modules 1 and 2), theoretical-practical (modules 3 to 7) and practical (modules 8 to 10).

The concept and scope of the principle of Responsibility crossed the entire programme of studies and all the modules. Therefore, the foundations were laid on theories in module 1, in which the delivery of the contents culminated with the theoretical focus upon the ‘system’, according to which migrations are an element which interact with many others within an inseparable totality denominated ´system´. From this focus is derived the conceptual notion of ‘co-responsibility’, in which are found all the actors involved in the system, States of origin, transit and destination, civil society, public functionaries, migrants, relatives, etc., which share responsibilities in the treatment of migration, although these responsibilities are different according to the amount of authority and to what extent each one impacts upon reality.

This concerns the principle announced in the Charter of Human Responsibilities about the shared and differentiated responsibilities, applied in this case to the theoretical treatment of migrations.

From the theoretical, conceptual beginning on, differentiated co-responsibility formed a part of the analyses, debates and reflections during the entire development of the following modules of the programme in the specific treatment of economic, international, gender, political and other such problems from one case to the next.

One particular element of this development was that of module 4 on migrations and human rights, where when handling the social and historic construction of the sets of rights, specifically Responsibilities were treated as a paradigm emerging at the beginning of the 21st Century, with which humanity attempts to modernise and enriches the universal system of human rights in order to make life on our planet sustainable. The text of the Charter of Human Responsibilities was part of the contents of this module, as well as its application in the area of migration; the World Charter of Migrants.

Within informal educative practices

The programme is not only active within formal studies, but also in a strategic environment of the construction of cultures – that of informal educative practices. These have been taken into consideration in two senses in the experience of the Degree:
- firstly in the design of the programme of studies, in its team of professors and in institutional alliances which have given it support, all of which were organised under the exercise of the co-responsibility of the different actors. Positive synergy was fostered between the State institutions, academics and civil society which worked together throughout the entire experience. The same occurred in the design of the programme of studies and the formation team of professors participating in all facets;
- and secondly, the student body of the Degree consisted of public functionaries and professionals of civil society involved in dealing with migration matters, together with the leaders of migrant organizations and their family members.

This allowed that the concept cutting across common and differentiated Responsibilities was perceived in a direct and personal manner through the exchanges during the collective debates and reflections. The methodologies used, such as the debate forums and group work permitted the exchange and gathering of multiple knowledge from the point of view of a permanent co-responsibility.

The impact

The Degree Programme thus succeeded to transmit the principle of Responsibilities and by means of these studies, the provisions, the texts, the practices and the alliances offered to the 60 students who received their Degree with the input of a diversified team of organizers, professors and institutional support.

This was an unheard of experience for Peru, which has enlarged the circle of Responsibility, a crucial step to overcome the current crisis of civilisation and to make migrations and life on the planet sustainable.

Published on: 12 November 2012
Post a comment

Post a comment

Other network contributions
Legal Notices and Credits | Site Map | Public forum | Follow-up of the site's activity RSS 2.0